Roman Theatre is the most impressive monument of old Philadelphia, as Amman was known when it was part of the Roman Decapolis, the cities network on the frontier of the Roman Empire in the southeastern Levant. According to an inscription, it was built during the era of the Antonine emperors, at the end of the 2nd century AD.
Amman Citadel stands on one of the hills of the seven hills known as Jabel al Qala. Amman Citadel is the site from where the sightseeing in Amman should be started. It is an important part of the Amman tour. Amman, the capital city of Jordan, has been the seat of various civilizations. And it is the home to the earliest development areas of the Middle Bronze Age, the Iron Age, the Hellenistic Age, the late Roman Age and the Arabian Islamic Age.
In Northern Jordan, there is an old town called Umm Qais. Umm Qais is the largest city in Bani Kinanah Department and Irbid Governorate. Umm Qias today is divided into three main areas; the archaeological site (Gadara), the traditional village (Umm Qais), and the modern town of Umm Qais.
Mount Nebo is considered one of Jordan's most important Christian Holy Sites: this is the spot where Moses (or Prophet Musa) is believed to have first seen the Promised Land that he would never enter ( He died at Nebo area and was buried there - His crave has never been found however).
In the 4th century AD, a sanctuary mentioned by the pilgrim nun Egeria, was built on Mount Nebo (Faisaliyah Arabic) to honor Moses, possibly on the site of an even older structure. The church was finished by 394 AD and had three east apses flanked by funerary chapels on the north and south sides.
The giant Crusader castle of Karak is located about 1000 meters above the Dead Sea Valley, the castle played a big role because of its strategic location, and it was a link in the vital communication and protection system of castles that spread from Aqaba to Turkey. In biblical times, Karak castle was on the trading route between Egypt and Syria, and the coming civilisation recognized the castle's strategic location.